26 May 2008
Introduction by Dr. Supachai Panitchpakdi, Secretary-General of UNCTAD:
Knowledge technology and innovation capacity are important challenges for development. The need for help from developed countries to less developed countries deals with transfert of technology and globalization.
LDP should integrate simple and emerging tecnologies in their development policies.
Dr. Hamadou Touré, Secretary-General of the International Telecommunication Union.
How can we create energy, how can we grap attention of decision makers? We have to work as a team play.
Mr. Mauro Dell’Ambrogio, State Secretary for Education and research of Switzerland.
The priority is on science, technology and development, including innovations and transfers. Developing human capacity is another challenge to fight famine threat.
Dr. Nina Fedoroff, Science and technology Adviser to the United States Secretary of State.
Internet development allows many minds to work together. Thanks to emails, phones, transportation capabilities, people interact, but paper journals still have to be shared.
The role of education is also to be emphasized. Governments should create neutral structures to allow access to Information and Communication technologies (ICT).
Mr Subramanian Ramadorai, CEO and Managing Director, Tata Counsulting Services, and Chair of the International Chamber of Commerce’s BASIS Initiative.
Technological development results in a better way of life, and in a more inclusive society.
In India, two rural projects are emerging considering rural employment with private and public sectors. Importance of the lack of scientists (mathematics and sciences), however need to prepare ourselves to the world market. Reduction of the numeric gap is to be considered as essential.
Ms. Zeinab El Bakri, Vice President, African Development Bank.
Today a food crisis is threatening political stability in Africa, but not only this continent. The food deficit is a fact. How should science and technology can answer to this problem is in the short and long run? We need partnership between governments, enterprises… Cooperation is the solution.
Item 1: Adoption of the Agenda and other organizational matters.
Item 2: Science, technology and innovation, and follow-up to the World Summit on the information Society.
Mr Reilly, moderator, Senior Director Cisco Systems.
Introduction of this session as an interactive dialogue.
Iraq: recent development of phones. Problem of policies and lack of clear vision.
Malaysia: technology progress thanks to innovation is to be completed by R&D. Too important numeric gap. Malaysia is trying to create bio-technology industry.
Tunisia: The 3rd International Forum is in preparation collaborating with UNCTAD, ITU, African Development Bank…
Pakistan: Increased its budget in this sector.
Lesotho: liberalized the telecommunication sector. Problems are a question of institutional and human capacities.
Burkina Faso: Today 15 phones per 100 inhabitants: recent and important development. Participative approach combating poverty.
Angola: Difficulty of application. Liberalization of the market of fixed and mobiles phones.
South Africa: Projects in rural areas concerningcommunities, to combat numeric gap.
Philippines: Increased its science and technologic budget of 46%. Strategy for innovation.
Jordan: Role of small areas with high technologic and enterprises levels. Fights against unemployment, particularly concerning youth.